| Last Updated:: 21/02/2017


Chhattisgarh Agriculture


          Chhattisgarh the 26th state of the Indian Union came into existence on November 1,2000. The state is geographically situated between 17046'N and 2405 North Latitude and 80015'E and 84020' East Longitude. The total geographical area is around 137.90 lakh ha. of which cultivable land area is 46.77 lakh ha , forest land area is 63.53 lakh ha with more than 2.55 crore population. About 80 percent of the population in the state is engaged in agriculture and 43 percent of the entire arable land is under cultivation. Paddy is the principal crop and the central plains of Chhattisgarh are known as rice bowl of central India. Other major crops are coarse grains, wheat, maize, groundnut, pulses and oilseeds. The region is also suitable for growing mango, banana, guava & other fruits and a variety of vegetables   with 44 percent of its area under forests it has one of the richest bio-diversity areas in the country. It has abundant minor forest produce like Tendu leaves, Sal seed, etc. Medicinal plants, bamboo, lac and honey are other potential money earners for the state. Chhattisgarh has embarked on a concerted plan to increase double cropped areas, diversify the cropping pattern and improve incomes from agro-based small-scale enterprises. In order to unlock the true potential of agriculture sector in the state, government is paying special attention towards better management of its water resources. To reduce the farmers dependence on rainfall, government is working towards increasing the irrigation potential of the state. It is estimated that approximately 14.15 lakh hectares can be potentially irrigated covering 30 percent of the entire cropped area in the state. Ravi Shankar Sagar Mahanadi project, Hasdeo-Bango, Kodar and others are some of the important irrigation projects in the state..

Land Utilization(As per village records)

SNo. Information (As per 2014-15) Statistics  (Thousand Hectare)
1. Total Geographical Area 13790
2. Forest Area (Incl. Revenue Forest) 6315
3. Land not available for cultivation 1029
4. Culturable fallow and Un-culturable land 1239
5. Permanent Pastures and other Grazing land 887
6. Land under misc. tree crops 1
7. Land available for cultivation 351
8. Fallow Land 525
9. Land Other than current Fallow(2-5 Years) 258
10. Current fallow Land 267
11. Net Area Sown 4681
12. Area Sown more than once 1047
13. Gross Cropped area 5728


Gross Area Under Principal Crops

S.no. Crops (As per 2014-15) Statistics  (Thousand Hectare)
1. Cereals 4395
2. Pulses 853
3. Fruits and Vegetables 137
4. Condiments and Spices 15
5. Sugar-cane 29
6. Other Food Crops 2
7. Oil Seeds 291
8. Fiber Crops 3
9. Other Non Food Crops 2


Chemical Fertilizers Consumption

Sno. Fertilizers Consumptions(In Thousand Ton)
1. Nitrogen 372.98
2. Phosphorus 175.38
3. Potash 56.72



Click here to see the crop details year wise

Click here to see the various seeds in Chhattisgarh state

Click here to see the district wise Rainfall in Chhattisgarh