Water Resources and River Basins-

Nature is very kind to Chhattisgarh in terms of rainfall as compared to several other states of the Union. Average rainfall in the state is around 1400 mm. and about 90% of the total rainfall is confined in the Monsoon season i.e. 15th June to September. The rainfall has erratic temporal and spatial distribution in the state. Due to this variation in the rainfall, the agriculture production of the state, which is mainly Paddy, is affected. In fact; every third year, there is always a threat of drought, which is due to uneven occurrence of rainfall rather than deficient rain. It is obvious that irrigation is the prime need of the state.

Mahanadi, Sheonath, Indravati, Arpa, Hasdeo, Kelo, Son, Rehar, and Kanhar are some of the main rivers providing a lifeline to the socio-economic development of the state. Most of the rivers in the state have a torrential regime characterized by high flow of water for three to four months during monsoon (June to September) during which around 80% of the annual runoff flows. Floods and droughts are the main characteristics of the annual flow of the rivers in Chhattisgarh requiring storage reservoirs for efficient use of the available surface water resources.

India Chhattisgarh %
Surface Water
18,69,000 MCM 48,296MCM 3.20
Ground Water
4,35,420 MCM 14,548 MCM 3.17
Geographical Area
32,68,090 Sq. Km. 135,097 Sq. Km. 4.13
Population 1030.0 Million 20.8 Million 2.00

Blockwise area of Mahanadi basin