Que.What does ENVIS stands for?
Ans.ENVIS Stands for Environment Information System

Que.What is ENVIS?
Ans.Environmental information plays a vital role not only in formulating environmental management policies but also in the decision making process aiming at environmental protection and improvement of environment for sustaining good quality of life for the living beings. Hence, management of environment is key component and thus plays an important role in effecting a balance between the demands and resources available for keeping the environmental quality at a satisfactory level. Realizing such need Ministry set up an Environmental Information System (ENVIS) in 1983 as a plan programme as a comprehensive network in environmental information collection, collation, storage, retrieval and dissemination to varying users, which include decision-makers, researchers, academicians, policy planners and research scientists, etc. ENVIS was conceived as a distributed information network with the subject-specific centers to carry out the mandates and to provide the relevant and timely information to all concerned. Further, association of the various State Governments/UTs was also felt necessary in promoting the ENVIS network to cover a wide range of subjects. The subject area for States/UTs ENVIS Centers was the status of environment and related issues. Thus, the network was expanded gradually with the involvement of thematic subject-areas and State Government/UT departments to make it a more comprehensive environmental information network. ENVIS network at present consists of a chain of 67 network partners out of which 39 are on subject-specific and 28 on State/UT related issues. These network partners are called ENVIS Centers and are located in the notable organizations/institutions/State/UT Government Departments/Universities throughout the country. The focal point of ENVIS is located in the Ministry and assists the Environment Information (EI) Division in coordinating the activities of all the ENVIS network partners by making ENVIS a web-enabled comprehensive information system.

Que.What is the total number of ENVIS centres?
Ans. There are total 67 Envis Centres all over India, which are assigned with different subjects and topics.

Que.What is ISBEID?
Ans.The Indian State Level Basic Environment Information Database (ISBEID) is a web enabled software developed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India under the Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Project. The software is to enable the State ENVIS Centre’s on Status of Environment and Related Issues to feed data directly into the database server using the web-interface in the ENVIS Portal.

Que.What is IUCN?
Ans. IUCN, the International Union for Conservation of Nature, helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges. It supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and brings governments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, companies and local communities together to develop and implement policy, laws and best practice.

Que.What is biodiversity?
Ans. Biodiversity is a short term for biological diversity. The term includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. Although it is very common to use biodiversity as short hand for species, it actually means everything from genetic material to entire ecosystem and the relationships among those different species of the whole. Biodiversity is the foundation of all life on earth and without it we cannot survive. It underpins functioning ecosystems, which provide food, water, medicines and a host of cultural and spiritual values that allow people to thrive. Biodiversity can be described as the fabric of life. When one thread is lost, the entire fabric starts to disintegrate.

Que.What is the state of the world’s biodiversity?
Ans. The world’s biodiversity is in deep crisis. We are currently living the greatest extinction crisis since dinosaurs roamed on Earth. . It is estimated that one species is drive to extinction every 20 minutes. This is 100‐1,000 times faster than the historical average. Recent reports show that world governments failed to meet the targets to reduce the loss of biodiversity by 2010. These reports show that the indicators of the state of biodiversity, like species extinctions, are in decline, whereas the pressures on the environment, like deforestation and overfishing, are increasing.

Que.What are the main threats to biodiversity?
Ans.The primary threat to biodiversity around the world is currently habitat loss. Agricultural expansion, energy production and urban development destroy forests on land, while unsafe fishing practices and coastal development destroy critical marine ecosystems like mangroves.

Que.What is ecosystem?
Ans.An ecosystem is all the life in a given area, plus all the non‐living, physical constituents (air, water, soil, and so forth) that interact with the life. Put another way, an ecosystem is an ecological unit made up of life and the stuff that surrounds it. A coral reef, for example, is an ecosystem. So is a tropical forest, a vast swath of tundra, a desert, and the deep sea.

Que.What is the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)?
Ans.The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international legally‐binding treaty with three main goals: conservation of biodiversity; sustainable use of biodiversity; fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. Its overall objective is to encourage actions which will lead to a sustainable future.

Que.What are Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)?
Ans.Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are globally important sites for biodiversity conservation which contain threatened and/or geographically restricted species. These sites are identified at the national level using globally standardized criteria based on their importance in maintaining species populations. KBAs are the foundation of conservation planning; stakeholders can use them as a tool for identifying national and international networks of critical conservation sites.

Chhattisgarh At A Glance

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